Western Australia Department of Agriculture (AgWest) Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Global Compendium of Weeds (GCW) Global Compendium of Weeds
Hesperis matronalis (Brassicaceae)


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Presented here is summary information about the species Hesperis matronalis from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format. For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact webmaster@hear.org.


Synonyms/other Latin names:see GRIN ]

Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, casual alien, cultivation escape, environmental weed, garden thug, naturalised, noxious weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format.]

Origin (native to where): [no info]



Data sources:

CHECKLIST OF THE VASCULAR PLANTS OF FINLAND, based on Kurtto, A. & Lahti, T. 1987: Suomen putkilokasvien luettelo (Checklist of the vascular plants of Finland). - Pamphl. Bot. Mus. Univ. Helsinki 11: I.-VI + 1-163. The list includes all the vascular plants found in Finland up to 1987, excluding those only in cultivation (i.e. taxa found during the past few years - mainly casual plants or plants escaping from cultivation are missing, and erroneous records of the 1987 list have not been corrected)

A Provisional List Of Non-Native Invasive And Potentially Invasive Plants In New England. Leslie J. Mehrhoff. DRAFT Please Note: This list has no legal status 1 JAN 2000

Alanen, A., Bongard, T., Einarsson, E., Hansen, H., Hedlund, L., Jansson, K., Josefsson, M., Philipp, M., Sandlund, O.T., Svart, A.E., Svart, H.E. and Weidema, I. (2004?). Introduced Species in the Nordic Countries (Denmark) under Nordic Council of Ministers (NMR), subgroup Natur-og Friluftslivsgruppen.

Alien Species. On March 10, the Japanese Cabinet submitted the bill dealing with invasive alien species to the Diet. The Diet passed the bill without amendments and the Invasive Alien Species Act was promulgated as of June 2, 2004. List of alien species recognized to be established in Japan or found in the Japanese wild (as of October 27, 2004) [PDF]

Alien species recorded in Poland. Alien Species Polich Database.Wojciech Solarz, Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków Poland. (Database was prepared for the Polish Ministry of Environment)

Andersen, R.N. (1968). Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. Weed Science Society of America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois.

Annual/Biennial Seed Germination Database (weed) http://www.anet.com/~manytimes/index.htm [ online info ]

Botond, M. & Zoltán, B.D.(eds.) (2004) Biological Invasions in Hungary. Invasive Plants. TermészetBUVAR Alapítvány Kiadó. (casual alien)

CALFLORA DATABASE Summaries of geographic distribution, habitat, and lifeform data for the approximately 8400 vascular plant taxa known to be native or naturalized in California, based on published literature as well as specific documented observations.

Calder, J. A. & Taylor, L. R. (1968). Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Part 1. Systematics of the vascular plants. Canada Department of Agriculture, Research Branch, Monograph No. 4, Part 1, 659 pp.

Castro, S.A., Figueroa, J.A., Munoz-Schick, M. and Jaksic, F.M. (2005) Minimum residence time,biogeographical origin, and life cycle as determinants of the geographical extent of naturalized plants in continental Chile. Diversity and Distributions 11: 183-191. Appendix S1 Checklist of 428 naturalized plants in continental Chile, their first record date (FRD), life cycle (LC), biogeographic origin (BO), and number of administrative regions occupied (ARO). Am: America; Eu: Europe; As: Asia; Af: Africa; Au: Australia; N.Z.: New Zealand; Pan: Pantropical; Cosmo: Cosmopolitan; Tro: Tropical.

Check-list of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly - 1994 C.N. French and R.J. Murphy. University of Exeter

Checklist of wild flowering plants and ferns in Iceland. Flora of Iceland

Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1994) Alien plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.

Darbyshire, S.J. (2003). Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.

Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and Williams, J.L. Jnr. (1966) Report of the Terminology Committee, Standardized Names of Weeds. WSSA (14), 346-386. Weed Science Society of America.

Essl, F. & Rabitsch, W. (eds.) (2002). Neobiota in Österreich. Umweltbundesamt GmbH, Wien.

Faith T. Campbell; American Lands Alliance; "Worst" Invasive Plant Species in the conterminous United States: weed

Fern, K. (1992-97). Plants for a Future. A resource centre for edible and other useful plants. The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, PL22 0NG, England.

Fremstad, E. & Elven, R. (1997). Alien plants in Norway; a review. Norsk geografisk tidsskrift Vol. 51. pp. 199-218.

Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN

Hanf, M. (1983). The Arable Weeds of Europe, with their seedlings and seeds. BASF Aktiengesellschaft, D-6700 Ludwigshafen. Germany

Hill, M., Baker, R., Broad, G., Chandler, P.J., Copp, G.H., Ellis, J., Jones, D., Hoyland, C., Laing, I., Longshaw, M., Moore, N., Parrott, D., Pearman, D., Preston, C., Smith, R.M. and Waters, R.(2005). Audit of non-native species in England. English Nature Research Reports N° 662, English Nature.

Hoffman, R. & Kearns, K. (Eds). (1997). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102 pp. See species List on the USDA Plants Database. weed

Holm, L. G., Pancho, J. V., Herberger, J. P. and Plucknett, D. L. (1979). A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. John Wiley and Sons NewYork, USA

INVASIVE PLANTS OF CANADA, Melinda Thompson Canadian Botanical Conservation Network, August 1997

Introduced (Naturalised) Species to the United States [USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. ]

Invasive Plants of Natural Habitats in Canada. An Integrated Review of Wetland and Upland Species and Legislation, Government and thier control. Environment Canada and the Canadian Wildlife Service.

Invasive and Exotic Weeds. Invasive List: The Source for Information and Images of Invasive & Exotic Species. A joint project of The University of Georgia's Bugwood Network, USDA Forest Service and USDA APHIS PPQ.

Invasive exotic pest plants in Tennessee. Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council. (October 19, 1999). Research Committee of the Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council.

John Hosking, NSW Department of Agriculture, Weed Database 30 April 2003

Landcare Research New Zealand (2001) Plant Names Database.

Leslie J. Mehrhoff (1999) Non-native Invasive Plant Species Occurring in Connecticut. Revised Edition . George Safford Torrey Herbarium. Connecticut Invasive PlantWorking Group. PLUS The Non-Native Invasive & Potentially Invasive Vascular Plants in Connecticut. CT Geological and Natural History Survey

Lithuanian Invasive Species Database. The Database is aimed: to provide a qualified reference online system on invasive species in Lithuania; to serve a virtual forum on environmental and administrative issues related to biological invasions in Lithuania; to encourage the exchange of data among different geographical regions and serve a node in the global information network on invasive species Project is initiated by the National Advisory Council on Invasive Species established by the Ministry of Environment of Lithuania (ME, Order No. 352, July 1, 2002).

Marticorena, C. & Quezada, A. (1985). Catálogo de la flora vascular de Chile. GAYANA, BOTANICA Vol 42 No. 1-2 Universidad de Concepcion-Chile.

Marticorena, C. (2000?) Naturalised Plants of Chile. University of Santiago Herbarium.

Non-Native Invasive & Potentially Invasive Vascular Plants in Connecticut. The CT Geological and Natural History Survey. List and criteria developed by the George Safford Torrey Herbarium at the University of Connecticut in conjunction with the State Geological and Natural History Survey of Connecticut and the Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group.

Noxious Weeds and Non-Native Plants (Colorado Weed Management Association 1999)

Noxious weeds in the US and Canada. This web site provides a searchable database of the noxious weed lists for all U.S. states and six southern provinces of Canada. The database can be searched by plant name, state name, or by clicking on a map. This portion of the INVADERS web site is supported by the USDA Agricultural Research Service. Principal investigators: Dr. Kerri Skinner, University of Nebraska - Kearny, NE Dr. Lincoln Smith, USDA-ARS Western Region Research Center, Albany, CA Peter Rice, University of Montana - Missoula, MT

Preston, C.D., Pearman, D.A. and Dines, T.D. (2002) New Atlas of the British & Irish Flora. An Atlas of the Vascular Plants of Britain, Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands. Oxford University Press.

Pysek, P., Sadlo, J. and Mandak (2002) Catalogue of Alien Plants of the Czech Republic. Preslia, Praha. 74:97-186.

Pysek, P., Sádlo, J. and Mandák, B. (2003). Alien flora of the Czech Republic, its composition,structure and history. Plant Invasions: Ecological Threats and Management Solutions, Edited by L.E. Child, J.H. Brock, G. Brundu, K. Prach, P. Pyäek, P.M. Wade and M. Williamson pp. 113-130.

RAPID. Common Weeds and Poisonous Plants of North America: University of Idaho, College of Agriculture - [RAPID = Random Access Plant IDentification]

Randall, J.M. and Marinelli, J. eds (1996) Invasive plants: Weeds of the global garden. Brooklyn Botanical Garden Publications, Brooklyn, New York. [Ornamentals Invading Natural Areas in the Continental United States.]

Randall, J.M., & Rice, B.A. (2003). 1998-1999 Survey of Invasive Species on Lands Managed by The Nature Conservancy : The Nature Conservancy, 1999.

Rich T.C.G. (1991) Crucifers of Great Britian and Ireland. BSBI Handbook N°6 Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.

America Handbook. WSSA, Illinois.

Annual/Biennial Seed Germination Database (weed) http://www.anet.com/~manytimes/index.htm [ online info ]

Botond, M. & Zoltán, B.D.(eds.) (2004) Biological Invasions in Hungary. Invasive Plants. TermészetBUVAR Alapítvány Kiadó. (casual alien)

CALFLORA DATABASE Summaries of geographic distribution, habitat, and lifeform data for the approximately 8400 vascular plant taxa known to be native or naturalized in California, based on published literature as well as specific documented observations.

Calder, J. A. & Taylor, L. R. (1968). Flora of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Part 1. Systematics of the vascular plants. Canada Department of Agriculture, Research Branch, Monograph No. 4, Part 1, 659 pp.

Castro, S.A., Figueroa, J.A., Munoz-Schick, M. and Jaksic, F.M. (2005) Minimum residence time,biogeographical origin, and life cycle as determinants of the geographical extent of naturalized plants in continental Chile. Diversity and Distributions 11: 183-191. Appendix S1 Checklist of 428 naturalized plants in continental Chile, their first record date (FRD), life cycle (LC), biogeographic origin (BO), and number of administrative regions occupied (ARO). Am: America; Eu: Europe; As: Asia; Af: Africa; Au: Australia; N.Z.: New Zealand; Pan: Pantropical; Cosmo: Cosmopolitan; Tro: Tropical.

Check-list of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly - 1994 C.N. French and R.J. Murphy. University of Exeter

Checklist of wild flowering plants and ferns in Iceland. Flora of Iceland

Clement, E.J. and Foster, M.C. (1994) Alien plants of the British Isles. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.

Darbyshire, S.J. (2003). Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. Ottawa, Ontario.

Darrow, R.A. Erickson, L.C. Holstrum, J.T.Jnr., Miller, J.F., Scudder, W.F. and Williams, J.L. Jnr. (1966) Report of the Terminology Committee, Standardized Names of Weeds. WSSA (14), 346-386. Weed Science Society of America.

Essl, F. & Rabitsch, W. (eds.) (2002). Neobiota in Österreich. Umweltbundesamt GmbH, Wien.

Faith T. Campbell; American Lands Alliance; "Worst" Invasive Plant Species in the conterminous United States: weed

Fern, K. (1992-97). Plants for a Future. A resource centre for edible and other useful plants. The Field, Penpol, Lostwithiel, Cornwall, PL22 0NG, England.

Fremstad, E. & Elven, R. (1997). Alien plants in Norway; a review. Norsk geografisk tidsskrift Vol. 51. pp. 199-218.

Germplasm Resources Information Network G.R.I.N. GRIN

Hanf, M. (1983). The Arable Weeds of Europe, with their seedlings and seeds. BASF Aktiengesellschaft, D-6700 Ludwigshafen. Germany

Hill, M., Baker, R., Broad, G., Chandler, P.J., Copp, G.H., Ellis, J., Jones, D., Hoyland, C., Laing, I., Longshaw, M., Moore, N., Parrott, D., Pearman, D., Preston, C., Smith, R.M. and Waters, R.(2005). Audit of non-native species in England. English Nature Research Reports N° 662, English Nature.

Hoffman, R. & Kearns, K. (Eds). (1997). Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources. Madison, WiscWilliams, G. and Hunyadi, K. (1987). Dictionary of Weeds of Eastern Europe: Thier common names and importance in Latin, Albanian, Bulgarian, Czech, German, English, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat and Slovak. Elsevier. Amsterdam.




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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on 04 October 2007 by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007. Valid HTML 4.01!