Global Compendium of Weeds
Xanthium occidentale (Asteraceae)
Presented here is summary information about the species Xanthium occidentale from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed. Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction . For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Synonyms/other Latin names: [ see GRIN ]
Status(es) (compiled for below "Data sources"): agricultural weed, environmental weed, naturalised, noxious weed, weed [for definitions, see the GCW introduction .]
Origin (native to where): [no info]
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY LAND (PLANNING AND ENVIRONMENT) ACT 1991 DECLARATION OF PEST PLANTS DECLARATION NO. 1 0F 1999 Under Subsection 254 (1) of the Land (Planning and Environment) Act 1991, I declare that the following plants to be "pest plants" in the ACT (noxious weed)
Auld, B.A. and Medd, R.W. (1992) WEEDS, An illustrated botanical guide to the weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne. (weed)
Barker, W.R., R.M.Barker, J.P. Jessop & H.P. Vonow (Eds.) (2005). Census of South Australian Vascular Plants. 5th Edition. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. Supplement 1. (Botanic Gardens of Adelaide & State Herbarium: Adelaide). (naturalised)
Blood, K. (2001) NOT USED IN HER BOOK (environmental weed)
Environmental Weed List Victoria. Supplied by Weedmanager.Net (Source not cited but possibly drawn from Carr et al. Environmental Weeds of Victoria) (environmental weed)
Groves, R.H., Shepherd, R.C.H. & Richardson, R.G. (1995) The Biology of Australian Weeds Vol 1. R.G. and F.J. Richardson, Melbourne. (agricultural weed)
Holm, L. G., Pancho, J. V., Herberger, J. P. and Plucknett, D. L. (1979). A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. John Wiley and Sons NewYork, USA (weed)
Hussey, B.M.J., Keighery, G.J., Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J. and Lloyd. S.G. (1997). Western Weeds, a guide to the weeds of Western Australia. Plant Protection Society of Western Australia, Inc Western Australia. [list of images held in slide collection from original publication] (naturalised)
John Hosking, NSW Department of Agriculture, Weed Database 30 April 2003 (agricultural weed, naturalised)
Keighery, G. and Longman, V. (2004). The naturalized vascular plants of Western Australia 1: Checklist, environmental weeds and Distribution in IBRA Regions. Plant Protection Quarterly Vol.19 (1). pp:12-32. (environmental weed, naturalised)
Liogier, H.A. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands. A Systematic Synopsis. (2nd Edition). Universidad de Puerto Rico (weed)
List of exotic plants that have naturalised within the Wet Tropics Bioregion from Werren, G. (2001) 'Environmental Weeds of the Wet Tropics Bioregion: Risk Assessment & Priority Ranking'. A report prepared for the Wet Tropics Management Authority, Cairns [Source of data: Queensland Herbarium records (HERBRECS) to November 2000; emended by concatenating conspecific subspecies/varieties, and inserting additional species otherwise known to have naturalised within the region] (environmental weed)
Méditerranéen de Porquerolles 34 090 MONTPELLIER FRANCE
Ma, J. and Liu, Q. (2003) Flora of Beijing: An Overview and Suggestions for Future Research. Urban Floras. Volume 1, Number 1. Brooklyn, New York Published online. www.bbg.org/sci/publications/urbanhabitats/200210/beijing_pdf.pdf (weed)
The Flora of Israel Online, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem Beta Version Search result for "Habitat: Cultivated areas (weeds)" (agricultural weed)
lorida's Most Invasive Species - Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. (weed)
ree of invasiveness as based on information from States.
e, P.J.; Cameron, E.K.; Ogle, C.C.; Champion, P.D. 2004: Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 2001-2003. NZJBot.42: 797-814.; Heenan, P.B.; de Lange, P.J.; Glenny, D.S.; Breitweiser, I.; Brownsey, P.J.; Ogle, C.C. 1999: Checklist of dicotyledons and pteridophytes naturalised or casual in New Zealand: additional records 1997-1998. NZJBot.37: 629-642.; Webb, C.J.; Sykes, W.R.; Garnock-Jones, P.J.;1988: Flora of New Zealand Volume IV - Naturalised Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons. Botany Division, D.S.I.R., Christchurch, New Zealand. 1365p.; Webb, C.J.; Sykes, W.R.; Garnock-Jones, P.J.; Brownsey, P.J. 1995: Checklist of dicotyledons, gymnosperms, and pt
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GCW species list
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This page was created on 13 September 2007 by PT, and was last updated on
04 October 2007
by PT based on data from Rod Randall's Global Compendium of Weeds database dated 24 January 2007.