Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Alpinia vittata
Bull, Zingiberaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Alpinia sanderae hort. Sander ex Mast.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Sander's ginger, variegate ginger

Hawaiian: ‘awapuhi kioki

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Leafy shoots 7-12 feet tall.  Leaves sessile; blades elliptic-lanceolate, 15-25 x 4-6 inches, green variegated white.  Inflorescence pendent, 7-10 inches long, rachis reddish turning green; bracts 1.25-1.75 inches long, pink-variegated, persistent, enclosing 1-2 flowers, bractlets 0.8-1 inch long, pink-variegated.  Flower corolla white, lobes 0.6-0.8 inch long, often reflexed; labellum white, oblong, 0.6-0.8 inch long; stamens shorter than labellum, white"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 761).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  (no propagation information known by PIER)

Native range:  "Cultivated only, probable origin e. Malesia or w. Melanesia" (GRIN).  "A native of Polynesia and the Solomon Islands"  (Staples & Herbst, 2005; p. 761).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Isabela Group
Isabela Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
Santa Cruz Group
Santa Cruz Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 111)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1979) (p. 212)
Voucher cited: DA 16775
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 2666 (PAP)
"Ornementale peu fréquente à Tahiti".
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 111)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1936) (voucher ID: BISH 147249)
Taxon name on voucher: Alpinia vittata Bull
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 56)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
cultivated
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 141)
Voucher cited: MacKee 41557


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 28 JUN 2009 and was last updated on 1 JUL 2009.