Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Cordia sebestena
L., Boraginaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Low risk, score: -1 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: geigertree, large-leaf geigertree

French: bois râpe

Spanish: anacahuita, anaconda, siricote blanco

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Tree or shrub 1-7 m high...; petioles 1-4 cm long; leaf blades ovate to elliptic, 9-16 x 5-14 cm, obtuse to subcordate at base, with scattered appressed stiff hairs above; calyx strigose and densely brown-puberulent, 12-15 mm long, expanding to 3-4 cm long and enclosing fruit; corolla orange or scarlet, hypocrateriform, 3-4 cm long and in apical diameter, the tube twice as long as the calyx; fruit ovoid, white, 1-2.5 cm long or larger, tightly invested by calyx tube" (Smith, 1991; p. 153).

Habitat/ecology:  "Moist but well-drained soils in sunny to partially shaded places are preferred, but it is adaptable to dry, even somwhat saline soils" (Whistler, 2000; p. 147).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  "West Indies and probably also along the coasts of Venezuela, Colombia, and Central America, frequently cultivated elsewhere in tropical areas" (Smith, 1991; p. 153).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island introduced
cultivated
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 229)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
cultivated
Smith, Albert C. (1991) (p. 153)
Voucher cited: DA 8948
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
cultivated
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Cultivée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
cultivated
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 498)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 229)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 392)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 229)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll introduced
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (p. 99)
Not seen on this survey.
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 229)
United States (other Pacific offshore islands)
Midway Atoll
Sand Island introduced
cultivated
Starr, Forest/Starr, Kim/Loope, Lloyd (2008) (pp. B-6)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Honduras
Honduras
Honduras (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico (United Mexican States) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Panama
Panama
Panama (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 28)
Cultivated only
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Reported as possibly an invasive plant in the Hawaiian Islands per Staples et al., 2000.


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This page was created on 10 MAY 2005 and was last updated on 19 MAR 2007.