Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Eulophia graminea
Lindl., Orchidaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: mei guan lan

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Terrestrial.  Pesudobulbs ovoid, homoblastic, leafless at time of flowering, quite robust, up to 5 cm tall.  Leaves in new growth, suberect, linear-lanceolate, up to 30 cm long and 1.5 cm wide.  Inflorescence rather slender, scapose, erect, racemose or paniculate, loosely many-flowered, up to 60 cm tall.  Peduncle distinctly 3- to 4-sheated, branches when present are loosely spreading.  Bracts linear-lanceolate, acuminate, shorter than pedicellate ovaries.  Flowers greenish with brownish purple venation.  Sepals and petals spreading, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, up to 12 mm long. Lip with a short, up to 3 mm-long clavate spur, 3-lobed, white with rose-purple markings: lateral lobes erect, enfolding the column, ovate-triangular, obtuse; midlobe porrect, suborbicular, undulate; disc in center provided with 3 to 5 parallel keels between the lateral lobes which are decurrent on midlobe where they are dissolved in a series of filiform, beard-like papillae.  Whole lip 11 mm long.  Pedicellate ovary up to 15 mm long" (Garay & Sweet, 1974; pp. 137-138).

Habitat/ecology:  In Okinawa, "uncommon in mountains and open lowlands" (Garay & Sweet, 1974; pp. 137-138).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Japan (Ryukyi Islands), India, China, Thailand, Taiwan, Malaysia (Garay & Sweet, 1974; pp. 137-138).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands native
Kato, Hidetoshi (2007)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory introduced
Waterhouse, Barbara (year unknown)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland introduced
Waterhouse, Barbara (year unknown)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
Hong Kong native
cultivated
Wu, Te-lin (2001) (p. 376)
Ornamental.
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Ching-I Peng, ed. (2013)
"Among shrubs at lowlands, also in coastal grasslands or sand beaches".
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Comments:  Reported as an invasive species in Australia per Barbara Waterhouse, pers. com., and Smith, 2002.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 13 APR 2005 and was last updated on 16 OCT 2006.