Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hedychium coccineum
Buch.-Ham., Zingiberaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: hong jiang hua

English: red ginger-lily, scarlet ginger-lily

French: gingembre-douleur, hédychie écarlate, longose, longose à fleurs rouges

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Up to 3 m tall. Leaves sessile, about 30-50 cm long, lanceolate, acuminate, pubescent on midrib below and at tips, otherwise glabrous; ligule about 1 cm long, rounded, glabrous. Inflorescence up to at least 25 cm long x 15 cm wide, cylindric, moderately dense-flowered. Bracts c. 2.5 cm long, oblong, each subtending 2-4 red or salmon-red flowers. Bracteoles tubular, membranous. Calyx about as long as the bracts, 3-lobed. Corolla-tube same length as bracts and calyx; petals about 2.5 cm long, narrowly linear, reflexed. Lateral staminodes 2.5 cm long, cuneate-oblong, subacute, spreading. Labellum long-unguiculate, limb about 2.5 cm broad, orbicular, deeply bifid. Stamen to 5 cm long; anther-thecae linear. Capsule elliptic, red-orange within" (Dassanayake, 1983; pp. 505-506).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  (no propagation information known by PIER)

Native range:  Asia (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Palau Islands (main island group)   Lorence, David H./Flynn, Tim (2010) (p. 18)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Singapore
Singapore
Singapore (Republic of) introduced
cultivated
Chong, Kwek Yan/Tan, Hugh T. W./Corlett, Richard T. (2009) (p. 47)
Cultivated only
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
La Réunion (France)
La Réunion Island
La Réunion Island introduced
invasive
Baret, Stephane/Rouget, Mathieu/Richardson, David M./Lavergne, Christophe/Egoh, Benis/Dupont, Joel/Strasberg, Dominique (2006) (p. 758)

Comments:  Reported as an invasive species in Jamaica.


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 18 OCT 2006.