Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Mentha arvensis
L., Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Mentha austriaca Jacq.; Mentha gentilis L.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chamorro: yerba buena

English: corn mint, European corn mint, field mint, mint

French: baume des champs, menthe des champs

Habit:  herb

Description:  "Hirsute perennial or annual with odour like a mixture of cheap scent and mouldy cheese.  Rhizomes hypogeal, white, brittle.  Flowering stems to 60 cm, ascending to erect.  Leaves (15-) 20-50 (-70) x 10-30 (-40) mm, elliptic-lanceolate to broadly ovate, with often rather blunt apex and cuneate or attenuate base, petiolate.  Flowers in remote sessile verticillasters, lower rarely minutely pedunculate, subtended by leaf-like bracts, inflorescence leafy at apex.  Calyx 1.5-2.5 mm, broadly campanulate with obscure veins and broadly triangular teeth.  Pedicels usually glabrous.  Corolla lilac, white or pink.  Nutlets pale brown, smooth or weakly foveolate" (Davis et al., 1984).

"Erect herb with mint-odorous foliage; stems 4-angled, pubescent; leaves ovate or lanceolate, serrate, puberulent on the nerves dorsally, usually 2-5 cm long; flowers in dense vericillasters; calyx densely puberulent externally, about 2 mm long, the 5 teeth slender deltoid; corolla pale violet, puberulent externally and internally, 4-5 mm long; nutlets 0.75 mm long, brown" (Stone, 1970; p. 513).

Habitat/ecology:  In Turkey, "damp places, around 1500 m" (Davis et al., 1984; p. 386).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Europe, western Asia, India and Nepal (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
cultivated
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rapa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 42026)
Taxon name on voucher: Mentha arvensis
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 513)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 241)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands introduced
cultivated
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 806)
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands introduced
cultivated
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 413)
Widely scattered in cultivation.
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands introduced
cultivated
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 91)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
China
China
China (People's Republic of)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 234)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (p. 67)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country)   Holm, Leroy/Pancho, Juan V./Herberger, James P./Plucknett, Donald L. (1979) (p. 234)
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 188)
var. arvensis and var. canadensis Briquet
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
invasive
cultivated
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 778)
"Waste places in settlements".
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of)   Waterhouse, D. F. (1993) (p. 67)

Comments:  Reported invasive in southeast Asia (Barbara Waterhouse, pers. com.).


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This page was created on 30 MAY 2005 and was last updated on 19 OCT 2006.