Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Morinda citrifolia
L., Rubiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Common name(s): [more details]

Carolinian: leel

Chamorro: lada, lada, ladda, lata

Chinese: hai bin mu ba ji

Chuukese: alin, arin, napur, neen, nen, nen, nen, nen, niin, nin, nobur, nopur, nopwur

English: Indian mulberry, noni, rotten cheesefruit

Fijian: kura, kura kana, kuru

French: bois douleur

Hawaiian: noni

I-Kiribati: te non

Japanese: yaeyamaaoki

Kapingamarangi: nen, ni nonu, nonu

Kosraean: e, ee, eih, hi

Mangarevan: nono

Maori (Cook Islands): nano, nano, nano, nenu, nenu, nenu, nono, nonu

Marquesan: noni

Marshallese: kalenen, kalenen, nen, nin

Niuean: nonu

Nukuoro: nonu, pukaria

Palauan: kesengel, lel, ngel

Pingelapan: obul, uhpwul

Pohnpeian: kirikei, nen, ti nonu, wehmpul, weipwul, wempwul, weypul, woipel, wumpul

Pukapukan: nonu

Samoan: nonu, nonu, nonu togi, nonu togi, nonu vao, nonu vao

Satawalese: leen

Spanish: mora de la India

Tahitian: nono

Tokelauan: nonu

Tongan: nonu

Tongarevan: noni, noni

Tuamotuan: hora, noni

Tuvaluan: nonu

Ulithian: lol

Wallisian: nonu, nonu

Woleaian: lel

Yapese: lel, lol, mangal‘wag

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Small trees or shrubs 3-6 m tall; stems 4-angled, glabrous.  Leaves glossy, membranous, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 20-45 cm long, 7-25 cm wide, glabrous, petioles stout, 1.5-2 cm long, stipules connate or distinct, 10-12 mm long, apex entire or 2-3-lobed.  Flowers perfect, ca. 75-90 in ovoid to globose heads, peduncles 10-30 mm long; calyx a truncate rim; corolla white, 5-lobed, the tube greenish white, 7-9 mm long, the lobes oblong-deltate, ca. 7 mm long; stamens 5, scarcely exserted; style ca. 15 mm long.  Syncarp yellowish white, fleshy, 5-10 cm long, ca. 3-4 cm in diameter, soft and foetid when ripe.  Seeds with a distinct air chamber"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1157).

Habitat/ecology:  "Noni is most competitive on sands and loamy sands but will grow on soils of all other textures if planted and protected from competition. It also grows well on very rocky soils. Although it grows naturally only a few meters above sea level, noni can be cultivated on sites up to 800 m or more above sea level (Stevens and others 2001). The species tolerates salty soils and salt spray. It is intermediate in shade tolerance, growing under the canopy of forests as well as in the open. Noni grows naturally on the edges of mangroves, in coastal forests, and on the landward side of beach strand vegetation. The species is grown in plantations, as an ornamental, and as a garden medicinal tree"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).

In Hawai‘i, "a Polynesian introduction originally cultivated for its medicinal and dye properties, now naturalized in relatively dry to mesic sites, 0-450 m, in solution pits near the coast, disturbed hala forest, dry to mesic forest, and alien grassland"  (Wagner et al., 1999; p. 1157).  In Fiji, "cultivated or abundantly naturalized along roads and rocky coasts, in thickets, often along creeks or on the edges of mangrove swamps, or in open or even dense forest at elevations from near sea level to 450 m"  (Smith, 1988; p. 334).

Propagation:  Seed.  "In its native habitat, the seeds of noni are probably dispersed by fruit bats and other mammals"  (Wildland shrubs of the United States and its territories).

Native range:  Southeastern Asia through northern Australia; "widely naturalized throughout tropics, exact native range obscure" (GRIN).  "Probably indigenous in Indo-Malesia, but with an extended distribution throughout the Pacific, including Hawaii, and other tropical areas.  It is considered an aboriginal introduction into Pacific areas.  In places it is thoroughly established as a common understory plant in coastal forest"  (Smith, 1988; p. 334).

Presence:

Pacific
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 65)
Voucher cited: Yuncker 9466 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island probably introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1984) (p. 8)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island introduced
abo. intro.
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 52)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ofu Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 35345)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island probably introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1984) (p. 8)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island introduced
abo. intro.
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 52)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 34772)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Olosega Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 37109)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   Yuncker, T. G. (1945) (p. 65)
Vouchers cited: Yuncker 9032 (BISH), Garber 771 (BISH)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island probably introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1984) (p. 8)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island introduced
abo. intro.
Ragone, Diane/Lorence, David H. (2003) (p. 52)
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1990) (voucher ID: PTBG 10381)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 34731)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
American Samoa
Manu‘a Islands
Ta‘u Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 39109)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island probably introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1984) (p. 8)
American Samoa
Tutuila Islands
Tutuila Island possibly introduced
abo. intro.
Setchell, William Albert (1924) (p. 45)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Agrigan (Agrihan) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Aguijan (Agiguan, Aguihan) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Alamagan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Anatahan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Asuncion Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Farallon de Medinilla (Marpi, Medinilla) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Guguan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Maug Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Pagan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Rota Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Sarigan Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (US)
Northern Mariana Islands
Tinian Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Manihiki Atoll native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Manuae Atoll (Northern Cook Islands) native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Nassau Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Penrhyn (Tongareva) Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Rakahanga Atoll native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Suwarrow (Taka) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Cook Islands
Northern Cook Islands
Suwarrow (Taka) Atoll native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Aitutaki Atoll native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
‘Atiu Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Mangaia Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Ma‘uke Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Miti‘aro Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Palmerston (Avarau) Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Takutea Island native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Ecuador (Galápagos Islands)
San Cristóbal Group
San Cristóbal Island introduced
cultivated
Charles Darwin Foundation (2008)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Dublon (Tonowas) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Etal (Ettan) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Losap Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Lukunor (Núkúnooch) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Murilo (Mwiriné) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nama Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namoluk (Nómwunuuk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Namonuito (Namonweito, Nómwun Wiité) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Nomwin (Nómwiin) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Pis Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Puluwat (Pwonowót) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Satawan Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Tol Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Udot Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Ulalu (Romonum) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Chuuk Islands
Weno (Moen) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island native
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy (2010) (p. 23)
Voucher cited: Lorence 7933 (PTBG)
Federated States of Micronesia
Kosrae Island
Kosrae Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 32993)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Ant Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Kapingamarangi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Mokil (Mwokil) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Ngatik (Ngetik) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Nukuoro Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pingelap Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island native
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (pp. 129-130)
Vouchers cited: E. Albert 224 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 3826 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 3862 (NY), M.J. Balick 3887 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 3915 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4244 (NY, PTBG), M.J. Balick 4308 (NY, PTBG), J. Bee 38 (NY), A. Dores 31 (NY, BISH, PTBG), A. Dores 136 (NY, BISH, PTBG), B. Ekiek 5 (NY, BISH, PTBG), E. Eperiam 49 (NY), F.R. Fosberg 26080 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 26173 (BISH), F.R. Fosberg 26244 (BISH), S.F. Glassman 2566 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3440 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3445 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3458 (BISH), E.Y. Hosaka 3555 (BISH), T. Hosokawa 6135 (BISH), R. Lengsi 5 (NY), D.H. Lorence 8053 (PTBG), W.A. Niering 509 (BISH), W.A. Niering 626 (BISH), W.A. Niering 686 (BISH), P. Raynor 4 (NY, PTBG), P. Raynor 137 (NY, PTBG), S.H. Riesenberg 30 (BISH), F. Sohl 7 (NY, PTBG), F. Sohl 17 (NY, PTBG), F. Sohl 46 (NY, PTBG), F. Sohl 68 (NY, PTBG), F. Sohl 136 (NY), L. Stemmermann 3440 (BISH), M. Takamatsu 630 (BISH), M. Takamatsu 852 (BISH), C.Y.C. Wong 55 (BISH)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 34652)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1999) (voucher ID: PTBG 35002)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2002) (voucher ID: PTBG 46211)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2019) (voucher ID: PTBG 34878)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2001) (voucher ID: PTBG 38778)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1997) (voucher ID: PTBG 27790)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2005) (voucher ID: PTBG 43881)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2004) (voucher ID: PTBG 43562)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Eauripik Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Fais Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Faraulep (Faraulap) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ifalik (Ifaluk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Lamotrek Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Satawal Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Ulithi Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Woleai Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Federated States of Micronesia
Yap Islands
Yap (Waqab) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Fulanga Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Vouchers cited: Smith 1109, Seemann 225
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Lakemba Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 813
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Moala Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Voucher cited: Smith 1387
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Ovalau Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Voucher cited: Smith 7500
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Vouchers cited: Milne, DA 10478, DA 16848
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Vanua Mbalavu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Voucher cited: Garnock-Jones 1084
Fiji
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Smith, Albert C. (1988) (p. 335)
Vouchers cited: DA 10732, Smith 4579, Parks 20401, Gillespie 2812, DA 7934, DA 10014, DA 9243 (McKee 2808), Weiner 71-7-63. Also cv. ‘Potteri’;  voucher cited:  DA 16476, DA 16221.
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Agakauitai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Agakauitai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: St. John 14939 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Akamaru Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: St. John 14713 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Aukena Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: St. John 14628 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Mangareva (Gambier) Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: St. John 14466 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Taravai Island introduced
St. John, Harold (1988) (p. 24)
Voucher cited: St. John 14820 (BISH)
French Polynesia
Gambier Islands
Temoe Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Eiao Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J.-C. Thibault 1007 (PAP), J.-C. Thibault 1056 (PAP), J. Florence & M. Teikiteetini 9315 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: D.H. Lorence, W.L. Wagner, J. Florence, Y. Séchan & S. Bishop 6163 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Hiva Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1988) (voucher ID: PTBG 6455)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Fatu Huku Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hatuta'a (Hatutu) Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hatuta'a (Hatutu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J.-C. Thibault 1122 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Hiva Oa Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (2003) (voucher ID: PTBG 39839)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Mohotani (Mohotane, Mohotane) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Nuku Hiva (Nukahiva) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 4400 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Tahuata (Tuhuata) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Huka (Huahuna, Uahuka) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
abo. intro.
Lorence, David H./Wagner, Warren L. (2013)
French Polynesia
Marquesas Islands
Ua Pou (Huapu, Uapou, Uapu) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Bora Bora Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 12071 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Huahine Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & R. Tahuaitu 11694 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Maupiti (Maurua) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: F.R. Fosberg 64862 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mehetia (Mahetia, Meetia) Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mehetia (Mahetia, Meetia) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10302 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Moorea Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 2086 (PAP), J. Florence 4834 (PAP), J. Florence 8226 (PAP), C.L. Cartier 103 (PAP), C.L. Cartier 204 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Mopelia (Mapetia, Maupiha‘a, Maupihoa, Mopiha‘a) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Raiatea (Havai) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 3700 (PAP), J. Florence 5162 (PAP), J. Florence 10413 (PAP), P. Morat 6928 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Manuae (Scilly) Atoll (Society Islands) native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Taha‘a Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5349 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence & J.-C. Jolinon 8087 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tetiaroa Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3248 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tupai Island native
Fosberg, F. R. (1997) (p. 132)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Makatea (Ma‘atea) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 3030 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Matureivavao (Maturei Vavao) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Niau Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 10168 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Puka Puka Atoll native
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Rangiroa (Rairoa) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 4066 (PAP), J. Florence 9979 (PAP), M.-H. Sachet 1338 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Raro‘ia Atoll introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Meyer, Jean-Yves/Fourdrigniez, Marie (2008) (p. 15)
Naturaliséle d'introduction polynésienne.
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Takapoto Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: M.-H. Sachet 2039 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tenararo (Tenaroa) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tenarunga Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Tikehau (Tikahau) Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Vouchers cited: J. Florence 7017 (PAP), J. Florence 7146 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Tuamotu Archipelago
Vahanga Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Maria Atoll introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Raivavae (Raevavae) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5624 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rimatara (Rimitara) Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Rurutu Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 5547 (PAP)
Naturalisée
French Polynesia
Austral (Tubuai) Islands
Tubuai Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Stone, Benjamin C. (1970) (p. 551)
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Also var. bracteata (Roxb.) Hook. f.
Guam
Guam Island
Guam Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 34879)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia L.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1157)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1157)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Lāna‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1157)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Maui Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1157)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Moloka‘i Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1157)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Ni‘ihau Island introduced
abo. intro.
Wagner, W. L./Herbst, D. R./Lorence, D. H. (2013)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Wagner, Warren L./Herbst, Derral R./Sohmer, S. H. (1999) (p. 1157)
Japan (offshore islands)
Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands
Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands   Toyoda, Takeshi (2003) (p. 261)
Japan (offshore islands)
Minami Tori Shima (Marcus) Island
Minami Tori Shima (Marcus) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Banaba Island
Banaba (Ocean) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Flint Island introduced
abo. intro.
St. John, Harold/Fosberg, F. Raymond (1937) (p. 4)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Tabuaeran (Fanning) Atoll introduced
cultivated
Christophersen, Erling (1927) (p. 77)
Kiribati
Line Islands
Teraina (Washington) Island introduced
cultivated
Christophersen, Erling (1927) (pp. 56, 77)
At the settlement.
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Butaritari Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Nonouti Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Onotoa Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tabiteuea Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tarawa Atoll   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1972) (voucher ID: PTBG 7388)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
Kiribati
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands
Tungaru (Gilbert) Islands   Unknown (year unknown)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ailinginae (Ailiginae) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ailinglaplap (Ailinglapalap) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Bikini (Pikinni) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Enewetak (Ãnewetak, Eniwetok) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Jaluit (Jãlwõj) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Kwajalein (Kuwajleen) Atoll native
Whistler, W. A./Steele, O. (1999) (pp. 64-65)
Vouchers cited: Cameron 1, Fosberg 26507, Herbst 8938, Whistler 11158
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Lae Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Rongelap (Roñlap) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Rongerik (Roñdik) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ujae Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Ujelang Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ralik Chain
Wotho (Wõtto) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Ailuk (Aelok) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Arno Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Jemo Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Likiep Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
invasive
cultivated
abo. intro.
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 121)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Mili (Mile) Atoll introduced
invasive
abo. intro.
Vander Velde, Nancy/Vander Velde, Brian (2010) (p. A20)
Common; near beaches, in native forests, coconut groves and by homes, Mili, Arbar, Tokewa, Bar, Mili.
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Utirik (Utrik, Utrõk) Atoll native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Nauru
Nauru Island
Nauru Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1982) (voucher ID: PTBG 7391)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
Niue
Niue
Niue Island   Sykes, W. R. (1970) (p. 180)
Vouchers cited: CHR 170403, CHR 170404
Palau
Hatohobei Group
Tobi Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Angaur (Ngeaur) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Babeldaob Island   Lorence, David H./Flynn, Tim (2010) (p. 39)
Voucher cited: Lorence 8199 (PTBG)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Koror (Oreor) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Palau
Palau (Belau ) (main island group)
Peleliu (Beliliou) Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Palau
Rock Islands (Chelbacheb)
Ngeanges Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Pulo Ana Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Palau
Sonsorol Group
Sonsorol Island native
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1979) (p. 271)
Var. bracteata (Roxb.) Hook. f.
Papua New Guinea
Bismarck Archipelago
Bismarck Archipelago   Peekel, P. G. [translated by E. E. Henty] (1984) (pp. 539-540)
Common; on and behind the beach and in gardens.
Papua New Guinea
Bougainville Islands
Bougainville Island   Foreman, D. B. (1971) (p. 55)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)
Papua New Guinea (eastern New Guinea Island)   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (1989) (voucher ID: PTBG 14171)
Taxon name on voucher: Morinda citrifolia
Philippines
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 573)
In thickets, chiefly along or near the seashore.
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
St. John, H. (1987) (p. 52)
Voucher cited: Fosberg 11266 (US)
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Islands
Pitcairn Island introduced
invasive
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Naturalisée
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Savai‘i Island probably introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1984) (p. 8)
Samoa
Western Samoa Islands
Upolu Island probably introduced
abo. intro.
Whistler, W. A. (1984) (p. 8)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Ha‘apai Islands native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Ha‘apai Group
Tofua Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
‘Eua Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Tongatapu Group
Tongatapu Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Late Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuafo‘ou Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Niuatoputapu Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tonga
Vava‘u Group
Tafahi Island native
Whistler, W. A. (1992) (p. 63)
Tuvalu
Tuvalu (Ellis) Islands
Tuvalu Islands   Unknown (year unknown)
Wallis and Futuna
Wallis and Futuna (Horne) Islands
Wallis (‘Uvea) Island introduced
invasive
Meyer, Jean-Yves (2007) (p. 37)
Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia
Australia (continental)
Northern Territory native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Australia
Australia (continental)
Queensland native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Cambodia
Cambodia
Cambodia (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
China
China
China (People's Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indonesia
Indonesia
Indonesia (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Japan
Ryukyu Islands
Ryukyu Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Malaysia
Malaysia
Malaysia (country of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Thailand
Thailand
Thailand (Kingdom of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Vietnam
Vietnam
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Indian Ocean
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Christmas Island Group
Christmas Island native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Australia (Indian Ocean offshore islands)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Cocos (Keeling) Islands native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Chagos Archipelago
Diego Garcia Island native
Whistler, W. Arthur (1996) (p. 29)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
United States (continental except west coast)
United States (other states)
USA (Florida) introduced
Francis, John K., ed. (2009)


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This page was created on 28 JUN 2009 and was last updated on 5 DEC 2010.