Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Solanum sisymbriifolium
Lam., Solanaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Other Latin names:  Solanum sisymbrifolium [sic]

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: suan jie qie

English: bitter apple, dense thorned bitter apple, liuskakoiso, sticky nightshade, wild tomato

Other: arrabenta cavalo, doringtamatie, wildetamatie

Spanish: espina colorada

Habit:  herb

Description:  "[P]rickly and viscid-villous at least in inflorescence and with pinnatifid or bipinnatifid leaves, these sometimes glabrate, the largest 3 dm long, segments 1 dm long, petioles 1 dm long; a weedy plant, even the calyx often armed with yellow prickles, the lobes in fruit to 1.5 cm long; berry finally yellow, 12 mm in diameter; flowers white" (Macbride, 1962; (5B/1):263).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  South America (GRIN).

Presence:

Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
Japan
Japan
Japan (country) introduced
Mito, Toshikazu/Uesugi, Tetsuro (2004) (p. 188)
Perú
Perú
Perú (Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Also reported from
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Comments
South Africa
South Africa
South Africa (Republic of) introduced
Henderson, Lesley (1995)

Comments:  Reported invasive in Spain. A noxious weed in South Africa (Henderson, 1995; p. 177).


Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (pier@hear.org)

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This page was created on 18 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 25 OCT 2006.